The history of Brazilian grape growing and wine production started in 1875, when Italian immigrants settled in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the south of Brazil. There are now 80,000ha of quality vineyards in the country, still predominantly in Rio Grande do Sul, in the humid and mountainous Serra Gaúcha region. Here, the Vale dos Vinhedos ("vineyard valley") sub-region has been the first to be awarded Brazil's 'Indication of Origin' designation