The history of Brazilian grape growing and wine production started in 1875, when Italian immigrants settled in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the south of Brazil.
There are now 80,000ha of quality vineyards in the country, still predominantly in Rio Grande do Sul, in the humid and mountainous Serra Gaúcha region. Here, the Vale dos Vinhedos ("vineyard valley") sub-region has been the first to be awarded Brazil's 'Indication of Origin' designation.
Main wine growing regions are:
- SERRA GAÚCHA/ Vale dos Vinhedos
- CAMPANHA / FRONTEIRA
- VALE do SÃO FRANCISCO
- VALE do RIO do PEIXE
- SERRA do SUDESTE
Fronteira is an upcoming region, the southernmost part of Brazil where it borders Uruguay. Here, rainfall is lower and about 1000 ha of land is planted with vines.
At a latitude of only 9-10º South, Vale do São Francisco in the north east of the country is a tropical region, closest to the equator.
is home to 90% of Brazilian wineries and is located north-east of Porto Alegre in the mountainous region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul where the climate is subtropical with mild and damp summers. Wine growing is concentrated between the altitudes of 400-600 m.
The small town of Bento Gonçalves is the winemaking capital of the region.
The wide valley of Vale del Rio dos Antas is divided into five winegrowing areas of which Vale dos Vinhedos is the most recognised.
Vale dos Vinhedos
Runs 7-8 miles from the west of Bento Gonçalves to the Rio dos Antas river, with 2,100 ha of vineyards. The valley is surrounded by hills on three sides with the vineyards located on gentle slopes between 450m - 650 m altitude above sea level.
Vale dos Vinhedos was the first Brazilian region to receive the Geographic Origin certification that was established in 2001.
is one of the new wine regions of Brazil, located in the Pampas lands that border Uruguay in the south of Rio Grande do Sul. The region has a mild climate with warm, dry summers. Typical altitude is about 300 m above sea level.
Campos de Cima da Serra
is a new high altitude wine region, at 1,000 m, in Rio Grande do Sul.
Vale do São Francisco
is located on a latitude between 9° and 10° South, which is the the closest wine region in the world to the equator. The region is sub-tropical and irrigation from the São Francisco river is necessary. The valley is grassy, semi-arid savannah with vines typically planted at an altitude of 350m.